News & Current Affairs

September 10, 2008

Sri Lanka jets bomb ‘rebel base’

Sri Lanka jets bomb ‘rebel base’

Sri Lanka Air Force MiG 27s (Photo from air force website)

Jets are said to have carried out raids deep inside rebel-held territory

Sri Lanka’s military says its jets have bombed a Tamil Tiger intelligence center in the north, a day after a rebel air raid on a military base.

Fighter aircraft pounded the rebel center in the northern region of Kilinochchi, the defense ministry said.

Reports from the area confirm an air raid, injuring at least two people. The rebels said civilian homes were hit.

The attack came as UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon expressed deep concern over the increased hostilities in Sri Lanka.

On Monday, the government issued a notice to foreign aid workers to leave the rebel-held areas in the north saying it could not guarantee their safety. On Tuesday, UN officials said they would relocate staff.

The government says that it is on track to defeat the rebels.

Displaced

Officials said the area where the latest military operation was carried out is deep inside rebel-held territory.

map

“Taking on offensive raids into the LTTE [Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam] backyard, Sri Lanka air force fighter jets made precision air sorties at the LTTE’s main intelligence command and control centre located in Kilinochchi,” the defense ministry said.

The region also houses several non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and aid agencies. The UN said one of its vehicles was slightly damaged.

The Tamil Tigers said the air force had bombed a civilian settlement near Kilinochchi town centre, destroying 12 homes.

“No one was hurt because people sought safety in the bunkers,” a statement said.

Photographs on their website showed buildings they said were civilian houses damaged or destroyed by the bombing.

Hospital officials told a pregnant woman had been injured in the bombing. She lost her baby after a stone hit her abdomen during the raid. A child also fainted.

Rubble of civilian homes the Tigers say were hit in the raid

Rubble of civilian homes the Tigers say were hit in the raid

There is growing concern for the fate of civilians in the north after the government ordered aid agencies to leave Tamil Tiger controlled territory.

The UN secretary general said the fighting had “grave humanitarian consequences for civilians”.

“He reminds all concerned of their responsibility to take active steps to ensure the safety and freedom of movement of civilians, allowing humanitarian organizations to do their work in safety, as well as to reach persons affected by the fighting who need humanitarian assistance,” a statement said.

Human rights group Amnesty International called for international monitors to be allowed into the north to oversee convoys of aid and other essential supplies.

There are about 70 UN national and international workers in areas of the north controlled by the Tamil Tigers, the UN says. Most are based in the town of Kilinochchi.

Aid agencies say there are nearly 160,000 people in the Tiger-controlled north who have been displaced by the fighting.

The International Red Cross (ICRC) – one of the most prominent international agencies in the north – said that its teams were committed to remain in both rebel and government-held areas.

Offensive

But an ICRC spokesman said that situation was being monitored and negotiations were currently underway with the government in Colombo.

UN camp for displaced people in Sri Lanka

The UN says the plight of civilians in the north is worsening

Correspondents say that part of the problem for some aid agencies in the north is that their staff cannot leave because they are Tamil locals and the rebels will not issue them with passes.

The military meanwhile says that its offensive – aimed at crushing the rebels and ending their fight for a separate state for the Tamil minority – is on course.

The ministry of defence said that it shot down a rebel plane on Tuesday in a major incident in which 12 soldiers and a policemen were killed during a Tamil Tiger attack on a base in the northern area of Vavuniya.

The Tigers said 10 of their suicide fighters were killed in the raid.

They said that the raid was backed by artillery and light aircraft dropping bombs and that a radar station was destroyed in extensive damage to the base.

The Tamil Tigers have been fighting for a separate state for the Tamil minority in the north and east of Sri Lanka for 25 years.

More than 70,000 people have died.

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August 17, 2008

S Lankan army ‘takes rebel base’

S Lankan army ‘takes rebel base’

Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka

The Tamil Tigers have seen a string of reverses this year

Sri Lanka’s military say they have captured a training complex of the Tamil Tiger rebel group, complete with 100 underground bunkers.

The government says its forces are now 15km (nine miles) from Kilinochchi, the rebels’ administrative hub.

There is concern over tens of thousands of people displaced by the fighting who are converging on the town.

In recent weeks, Sri Lankan troops have broken through the Tamil Tigers’ defenses in the north of the island.

They have taken control of towns, villages and bases.

On Saturday soldiers captured a rebel training complex in Welioya after Tiger fighters fled the area.

Military spokesman Brig Udaya Nanayakkara said it contained lecture halls as well as the bunkers.

Thousands flee

In fighting elsewhere across the north on Saturday, the military says 27 rebels and seven soldiers were killed.

BBC map

Repeated attempts to contact the Tigers by phone and e-mail have gone unanswered in recent days.

Government officials have said they aim to defeat the rebels before the year is out and end the island’s 25-year civil war.

The United Nations estimates up to 75,000 people have fled the fighting since the start of June and many have converged on the town.

Cabinet Minister Keheliya Rambukwella said the forces were holding back in some areas while the government considered how to get the civilians out.

He accused the Tigers of using them as a human shield.

Relatively few civilians have crossed into government-controlled areas and last week Amnesty International alleged the government was putting those who have into what they called “de facto detention centres”.

August 14, 2008

Thousands flee homes in Sri Lanka

Thousands flee homes in Sri Lanka

Courtesy BBC

By Roland Buerk
BBC News, Colombo

Displaced people in northern Sri Lanka

People are leaving their village homes

Up to 75,000 people have fled their homes in northern Sri Lanka in the last two and a half months, the UN says.

This adds to huge numbers of people already displaced by years of war in the troubled island.

Government forces are advancing into territory controlled by the Tamil Tiger rebels, who want an independent state for the island’s ethnic Tamil minority.

The UN is calling for continued access to those who have been displaced to avoid a humanitarian crisis.

Military claims

Sri Lanka’s government does not allow journalists to go to the areas where the conflict is taking place.

But what is clear is that the military is now moving forward at a rapid pace.

People are living under trees in northern Sri Lanka

People recently displaced are living in the open air under trees

For months the fighting in the north was taking place on largely static front lines. Now village after village, and rebel base after rebel base, according to the ministry of defence, is falling into government hands.

On Wednesday soldiers took control of Mulankavil, which the ministry of defence described as a Tamil Tiger garrison town.

It added that the forces were now within 15km of Kilinochchi town, the rebels’ administrative hub.

The UN says as many as a third of the entire population of the rebel areas have abandoned their homes since the start of June.

“I think a lot depends on what happens over the next few weeks,” said Neil Buhne, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Sri Lanka.

“If we are able to have continued access in terms of humanitarian supplies to these people, if there is safe space for the civilians in that area, if both sides respect their responsibility to allow displaced people to move where they want to move they I think a crisis can be avoided.”

Mr Buhne estimated between a quarter and half of the people recently displaced are living in the open air under trees.

Funerals

Sri Lanka’s government says it is on the brink of victory in a war that began a generation ago.

Last July it announced the Tigers had been driven from areas they controlled in the east of the island.

Provincial elections have since been held there.

Now the forces are advancing into the north.

It is impossible to get independent confirmation of the military’s progress, and the high casualties they claim to be inflicting on the rebels.

But people living in Tiger-held areas say large numbers of funerals are taking place, coffins draped in rebel flags carried on the back of pick up trucks to graveyards.

‘Liberation activity’

And they speak of a palpable slump in morale, even though the Tigers have reversed military advances in earlier phases of the war.

On their website the Tigers wrote that indiscriminate bombing and shelling is forcing people to leave their settlements.

And they issued an urgent call to people in areas they control to dig bunkers in their homes and workplaces.

“The [ethnic majority] Sinhala nation is intent on occupying and enslaving the Tamil homeland,” the rebels said in one statement.

“Our military is only involved in a war of self defence against this war of the Sinhala nation.”

Displaced Tamil in Vavuniya

Many Tamil civilians are trapped between the warring sides

But the government insists Tamils being displaced now will be better off if the rebels are defeated.

“We are on a liberation activity,” said Keheliya Rambukwella, the government’s defence spokesman.

“We will liberate the north, sooner than people even think. When you need to look at a bigger target, a bigger goal, you need to make certain sacrifices down the line. And these are the sacrifices and for these sacrifices we are not going to let them down.”

The government alleges the Tamil Tigers could be planning to use civilians in the north as human shields.

Very few have crossed into government-controlled areas, but the United Nations says there has no been no prevention of movement to keep them in Tiger-held territory.

The displaced people are converging on Kilinochchi likely to be a key battleground as Sri Lanka’s government continues to try to win the war.

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